A free trade agreement between Japan and the EU came into force on 1 February, covering 635 million people and nearly a third of the world economy. In general, trade diversion means that a free trade area would divert trade from more efficient suppliers outside the zone to less efficient sectors. However, the creation of trade implies that a free trade area creates trade that might not otherwise have existed. In any case, the creation of trade will increase a country`s national well-being.  The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which came into force in 1994 and created a free trade area for Mexico, Canada and the United States, is the most important feature of bilateral trade relations between the United States and Mexico. On January 1, 2008, all tariffs and quotas for U.S. exports to Mexico and Canada were eliminated under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). The United States will participate from 2019 in 14 free trade zones with 20 countries. One of the most well-known and important free trade zones was the signing of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) on January 1, 1994. This agreement between Canada, the United States and Mexico promotes trade between these North American countries. In 2018, the United States, Canada and Mexico signed the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) to partially update and cancel NAFTA.
A Free Trade Area (FTZ) is a special economic zone a geographical area in which goods can be disembarked, stored, processed, manufactured or reconfigured and re-exported in accordance with certain customs provisions. Free trade zones are generally organized around major seaports, international airports and national borders – areas where there are many geographical advantages for trade.  A free trade area is a region in which a group of countries has signed a free trade agreement and maintains little or no trade barriers in the form of tariffs or quotas between them. Free trade zones facilitate international trade and the resulting trade benefits, as well as the international division of labour and specialization. However, free trade zones have been criticized both for the costs of increasing economic integration and for the artificial restriction of free trade. NAFTA covers services other than air, marine and basic telecommunications.